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TYPES OF ECZEMA


Contact Dermatitis

the skin’s allergic reaction due to contact to everyday objects.

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Hand Dermatitis

develops mostly in the hands and can be a general term as well, is frequently job related and most cases require special treatment.

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Nummular Dermatitis

is a result of skin injury, coin shaped and this is a hallmark of this skin condition, nummular lesions.

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Seborrheic Dermatitis

develops at the scalp where it is oily and waxy, also can be called cradle cap, dandruff or seborrhea.

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Neurodermatitis

involves severe irritation of the nerve endings of the skin and this triggers a viscous cycle of itching and scratching.

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Atopic Dermatitis

it is chronic in form, it requires daily care and intervention.

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Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

occurs only in hands and feet, can also be called vesicular eczema or vesicular plamoplantar eczema.

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Occupational Dermatitis

develops from exposure to chemicals and substances at work, may also be related to irritant contact and allergic contact dermatitis.

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Stasis Dermatitis

also be called gravitational dermatitis, venous eczema or venous stasis dermatitis; develops in the lower extremities.

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Follicular Eczema

is characterized by severe itching, skin dryness and a reddish appearance of the skin.




What Are The Different Types of Eczema?

By YUN NAKAMURA


Eczema has several types and there are even conditions when a person develops more than one type of eczema at a given time. Learning the types of eczema can lead to effective treatment and ideal preventive methods.


    Atopic Dermatitis - is a non contagious and chronic form of eczema. This type causes dry and itchy skin that needs regular care. Atopic dermatitis often run in families and people who have this kind of eczema often have family members who have who have asthma and hay fever or eczema as well. [DETAILS]


    Contact Dermatitis or Irritant Dermatitis - happens when a person comes in contact with common everyday objects and products. Everyday objects could be the cause like detergent, soaps, shampoo, jewelry or food. Symptoms of contact dermatitis are itchy, red skin that can appear as swollen and bumpy blisters. These blisters may rupture that can leave crusts and later flake off. Long term exposure to products that cause contact dermatitis can result to thick and leathery skin that is very dark and scaly. [DETAILS]


Subcategories of contact dermatitis are irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis.  


    Hand Dermatitis - or hand eczema is a type of eczema found only in palms of the hands, the sides of the fingers and also on the soles of the feet. This type often develops in people with asthma and may resolve within 2 to 3 weeks. This type of eczema causes severe skin inflammation, an intense burning sensation is felt over the site. The skin over the hands may crack and peel and may resemble a sponge.


The reason for hand eczema is unknown but most cases often flare up with stress; it is more common in females (20 to 40 years of age) and attacks often happen during hot and humid weather. [DETAILS]


    Neurodermatitis - this is a type of eczema that develops due to an irritation of the nerve endings. This is characterized by severe itching and can be caused by post exposure to contact dermatitis or after an insect bite. The intense itching caused by this type of eczema is what experts call an itch-scratch-itch cycle. The more a person scratches the itchier the skin gets. Neurodermatitis commonly affects the extremities, the neck area and also the genitals. [DETAILS]


    Nummular Dermatitis - is a type of eczema that appears after a skin injury is sustained on a skin area. After a burn, a cut or an insect bite, a type of coin- shaped lesion appears which is very itchy and may last for weeks or even months. The lesions in nummular dermatitis looks like tiny red colored spots that grow and form a coin-shaped lesion measuring 1-4 inches big. These lesions often become fluid filled and in time become crusty and scaly. [DETAILS]


    Occupational Dermatitis - this is a type of eczema that is caused by exposure to a particular hazard in the workplace. It has been estimated that about 10% of people in the workplace develop occupational dermatitis. The hands, forearms and face are the most common areas of the body that develops this type of dermatitis. The symptoms are dry skin, in severe cases irritated looking skin, scaling, swelling and severe redness on the affected area and severe itching, a burning sensation and the appearance of blisters or ulcers. Continuous exposure to the substance or object causing eczema can lead to thickening and reddening of the skin. [DETAILS]


    Seborrheic Dermatitis - this is a type of eczema that involves areas of the scalp and may extend to the face and neck areas. Lesions flare during cold weather and may have symptoms like oily waxy skin, reddish and swelling on the affected areas. Patches of seborrheic dermatitis can spread in to areas of the body with oil producing glands. [DETAILS]


    Stasis Dermatitis - is common after developing varicose veins and other conditions that impair blood circulation to the lower extremities. Itchy and painful sores are the characteristics of this type of eczema and the sores may also become painful and discolored. Aside from skin lesions, leg pain and skin inflammation and infection can result; sores heal slowly because of the sluggish blood flow and when these lesions finally heal and clear up can become honey-colored and crusty. Due to the lack of blood flow, violet colored lesions appear on the lower parts of the legs and feet. [DETAILS]


    Dyshidrotic Dermatitis - Dyshidrotic dermatitis is a type of eczema or dermatitis that occurs only in the hands and also in the soles of the feet. This type of eczema creates a spongy appearance on skin and rashes that appear on these specific areas have a burning sensation and are very itchy in nature. The cause for developing dyshidrotic dermatitis is unknown but skin specialists agree that having another skin condition can increase your chances of getting dyshidrotic dermatitis. [DETAILS]


Dyshidrotic dermatitis can also be called vesicular eczema or vesicular plamoplantar eczema.  


    Follicular Eczema - is an uncommon type of eczema which affects the hair follicles. This skin condition is characterized by severe itching, skin dryness and a reddish appearance of the skin. The cause for follicular eczema is unknown but some skin experts believe that it is an inherited skin condition. Follicular eczema may appear in the areas of the back, the arms and forearms and also on the upper thighs. The follicles of the hair are affected and the lesions appear as small and rough. They may also be colored red to deep red in appearance surrounding the hair follicles. People with asthma, hay fever and allergies can also be prone to develop follicular eczema. [DETAILS]

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