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TYPES OF ECZEMA


Contact Dermatitis

the skin’s allergic reaction due to contact to everyday objects.

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Hand Dermatitis

develops mostly in the hands and can be a general term as well, is frequently job related and most cases require special treatment.

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Nummular Dermatitis

is a result of skin injury, coin shaped and this is a hallmark of this skin condition, nummular lesions.

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Seborrheic Dermatitis

develops at the scalp where it is oily and waxy, also can be called cradle cap, dandruff or seborrhea.

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Neurodermatitis

involves severe irritation of the nerve endings of the skin and this triggers a viscous cycle of itching and scratching.

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Atopic Dermatitis

it is chronic in form, it requires daily care and intervention.

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Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

occurs only in hands and feet, can also be called vesicular eczema or vesicular plamoplantar eczema.

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Occupational Dermatitis

develops from exposure to chemicals and substances at work, may also be related to irritant contact and allergic contact dermatitis.

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Stasis Dermatitis

also be called gravitational dermatitis, venous eczema or venous stasis dermatitis; develops in the lower extremities.

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Follicular Eczema

is characterized by severe itching, skin dryness and a reddish appearance of the skin.




What Do You Know About Eczema?

By YUN NAKAMURA


WHAT IS ECZEMA?


Eczema is a general term for skin inflammation which has symptoms of dryness, severe itchiness and sometimes flaking and redness. This skin condition is very itchy and may cause disruption in activities and even disrupt sleep.


Dermatitis may also be another term for eczema and can be used interchangeably. There are severe forms of eczemas where there is skin flaking and terrible itching. If not treated, eczema can result to skin lesions and possible skin infection due to persistent scratching.


The specific cause of eczema is unknown although there are a number of factors that can cause dermatitis. Eczema may be found in just a small patch of skin or in a much larger area of the body.



CAUSES


As mentioned, the specific cause of eczema is unknown but there have been many factors related to the incidence of eczema. Here are some possible causes:


    Eczema is also related to allergic reactions of the body and can be associated with the body’s reactions to allergen as seen in asthma and hay fever.


    Irritating substances that come in contact with the skin may also cause eczema. These substances can be soaps, detergent powder, chemical based cleaners and engine oils.


    There are also substances that may cause severe allergic reaction to the body and in turn can be possible causes of eczema. These substances are often found on common products like plastics, leather and rubber.


•     Young babies often get a form of infantile eczema which is found below their chins. This is usually caused by wetness from dribbling.


•     Gravitational eczema is a form of eczema caused by the appearance of varicose veins.


There may be other causes of this debilitating skin condition and it is very important therefore to consult a doctor regarding diagnosis and appropriate treatment specific for your eczema cause.



PREVENTION


Preventing eczema attacks often involve avoiding objects or substances that causes eczema. Taking antihistamines may also decrease eczema attacks. Apply ointments or creams that increase moisture on skin. A soap substitute is often advised for patients with highly sensitive skin and severe cases of eczema, for example The DermCare System, specifically for people with Eczema and Dermatitis. For more details about DermCare System, read Zenmed® Review.


If you have been diagnosed with contact dermatitis, it is essential to know what kind of substance irritates your skin more and avoid contact as much as possible. Use protective clothing such as aprons, gloves or mask when dealing with chemicals or substances at work.


Never self medicate when it comes to eczema and always follow your doctor’s advice especially when managing your symptoms.



SYMPTOMS & SIGNS


Although there may be several known causes of eczema the main symptoms of this skin condition are still the same. A person with eczema usually have skin itching and redness of the affected area. There may be blisters that appear that may burst when scratched.


Skin folds are not immune to eczema and these areas may have the worst symptoms like severe itchiness and redness. It is impossible to resist scratching skin affected by eczema and this often results to bursting of the skin lesions and possible skin infection. Frequent scratching often makes the skin crusty and moist.


If left untreated eczema symptoms may become worse. Intense scratching may develop as well as lead to skin damage and infection.



TREATMENTS


There is currently no cure for eczema but over time, experts have found treatments that were significant in reducing symptoms of this skin condition.


    Antihistamines are often prescribed by your doctor to control your allergies. Careful not to drive or operate machinery while on antihistamines since most cause drowsiness and sleepiness.


    Moisturizers are also advised by your doctor to help replenish your skin’s moisture and prevent subsequent scaling and itching.


    A topical steroid is also advised by your doctor to control your skin’s allergic reaction thus reducing inflammation and reduce itching. Your doctor will advice the appropriate strength of topical steroid for your specific condition.


    Antibiotics are often prescribed to control skin infection. Lesion can be infected over time due to scratching and rubbing and thus a topical or oral antibiotic cream is advised.


    Herbal or home remedies can also be used to control eczema symptoms. These treatments range from the use of essential oils, tars and also mentholated creams and rubs.


A skin specialist or a dermatologist is the ideal person to diagnose and treat eczema symptoms. There are great advancements in controlling eczema that he might use like immunosuppressant medications and the most recent advancement in the treatment of this skin condition, ultra violet light treatment.


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Babies eczema: red, flaky and very itchy skin.